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Diabetes And Bitter Melon

Bitter Melon

Bitter melon is a very useful vegetable. It is not a good diet but also useful in many diseases like diabetes. Amazing vegetable contain good nutrients who helps to lowering the blood sugar level, so in this article we provide some details about Diabetes And Bitter Melon.

Diabetes And Bitter Melon(Bitter Melon and Diabetes)

Bitter melon is a very useful vegetable, having many nutrients who are beneficial to human health. The physicians are using it through many methods.

It is a bitter taste vegetable and having low Glycemic Index. So, due to its bitterness and low Glycemic Index, it does not cause to blood glucose high. Due to this specialty, the diabetes specialist advise to include it in the diets.

There are about twelve types of diabetes. Although causes and symptoms are different but one thing is common that the person having diabetes must avoid much sugar and sweet products. He should keep low carbs foods in his daily diet. Low carbs vegetables and fruits is a good diet for diabetic persons.

The diets mixture of many minerals and vitamins but low carbohydrate is an ideal diabetes diet sweet and refined foods are a strict forbidden. All foods containing too much carbs metabolize too fast and cause the blood sugar levels to surge. Sweet and having high rate of calories drinks and foods are not good and ideal either.

Bitter Melon, its Glycemic Index

The vegetables, fruits and foods having lake of fiber and liquid calories make it worse to manage your sugar levels. The fruits and vegetables are rich in fibre and low in GIycemic Index are good for diabetic persons.

When we eat any food, after digestion how much blood glucose level goes high. According the carbohydrate ranking the blood glucose level will go up. The scale whose we measure the carbohydrate in a food called Glycemic Index.

Also read these article :

Moringa leaves benefits for diabetes
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What Glycemic Index is good and how much is not good?

Glycemic Index 55 and less than 55 is good GI. The foods with carbs having low Glycemic Index are good, absorbed, digested and metabolized slowly. This Glycemic Index is cause to rising the blood glucose level gradually. Glycemic Index depends on Carbohydrates range, low Carbohydrates has low Glycemic Index and high Carbohydrates show high Glycemic Index. In case of Glycemic Index more than 70 can increase the blood glucose level.

Bitter melon is useful vegetable, full of many numeration, who are beneficial for human health. Due to low Glycemic Index, the blood glucose level does not increase. This the reason, why the diabetes specialist advise to diabetic persons to include the bitter melon in the diets.

That properties help the glucose to reach into the whole body cells to produce energy. The vegetable not only work like insulin but also linked to lowering the blood sugar level and keeping the blood sugar level normal.

It is believed that the bitter melon is a lowering blood glucose level vegetable. The research says that the bitter melon has many properties that act like insulin. Its use help the glucose to circulate in the bloodstream and also help the absorb the glucose in the body cells

Bitter Melon metabolic system

Because bitter melon rich in fiber and has low rate of calories, is useful for diabetics persons. Its properties not only help the body cells to utilize the glucose but also keep the glucose move to the liver, muscles, and fat. This useful vegetable may also be able to help your body retain nutrients by blocking their conversion to glucose that ends up in your blood stream.

Mostly fruits have some active substances with anti-diabetic properties. Charantin is one of them. It is confirm that charantin has effect to lower the blood glucose level. Another compoud is present in the bitter melon called polypeptide-p it also has effect like insulin.

These foods substances sometimes work positively against diabetes individually or sometimes work together to lower the blood sugar levels.

A chemical found in the bitter melon, named lectin, who is famous for reduction of blood glucose level. Lectin act in the body as insulin when the person try to suppress the appetite and on peripheral tissues.

What is lectin ?

lectin chemical develops effect behind hypoglycemic to control the blood glucose level after eating bitter melon.

Bitter melon nutrition facts

Bitter Melon called different names in asia, like karela in punjabi, bitter gourd due to bitterness and balsam pear. In all countries of Asia, the people eat it as a vegetable. In west Indies countries and East Africa, people also eat this vegetable. People have been using the bitter melon for the long time to treat many diseases.

Difference parts of bitter melon have difference effects. Due to this reason the herbs specialist use difference plant parts for different diseases. Where the leaves of bitter melon is concern, about one ounce of bitter melon plant leaves contain 8 calories only.

Where the pod is concern, about 30 grams of bitter melon is equal to only 5 calories. Even though, the calories range in bitter melon is low, but people have to know that if any nutrition changes acted in the meals during preparing, it can change its effectiveness against diabetes.

Carbs in Bitter Melon

Most of the calories in bitter melon come from carbohydrate, but since the calories are very low, the carbs in bitter melon are also low.

125 grams bitter melon provide about 3.5 grams fiber and 4.5 carbohydrate according to the search.

Fats value

Basically the bitter melon is a fibr base vegetable. It has very low level fat. about 150 grams bitter melon has only less than 1 gram.

Protein quantity

Bitter melon is not a good source of protein. It has very low quantity of protein. One piece of bitter melon contain just 1 gram of protein.

Micro nutrients in Bitter Melon

Micro nutrients in the vegetable again vary based on the part of the vegetable that you eat. If you consume the pods, you’ll benefit from vitamins including vitamin A, vitamin C, and folate.

Bitter melon is full of many minerals like magnesium, potassium, iron, selenium, calcium, sodium and zinc. As the Vitamins are concern, the Bitter melon has good amount of Vitamin C.

nutrient,s analysis of Bitter gourd is as under :

Bitter gourd or Bitter melon (Momordica charantia),
fresh, raw, Nutritive value per 100 g

PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Energy17 Kcal1%
Carbohydrates3.70 g3.70 g
Protein1.00 g2%
Total Fat0.17 g0.5%
Cholesterol0 mg0%
Dietary Fiber2.80 g7%


PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
olates72 µg18%
Niacin0.400 mg2.5%
Pantothenic acid0.212 mg4%
Pyridoxine0.043 mg3%
Riboflavin0.040 mg3%
Thiamin0.040 mg3.5%
Vitamin AA 471 IU16%
Vitamin C84 mg140%


PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Sodium5 mg<1%
Potassium296 mg6%


PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Calcium19 mg2%
Copper0.034 mg4%
Iron0.43 mg5%
Magnesium17 mg4%
Manganese0.089 mg4%
Zinc0.80 mg7%


PrincipleNutrient ValuePercentage of RDA
Carotene-β190 µg0%
Carotene-α185 µg0%
Lutein-zeaxanthin170 µg0%

How does This Vegetable affects blood sugar levels ?

In the condition with diabetes, the blood glucose level remain uneven, mostly high if not cared properly. Due to this reason, many health issues can develop.

Is bitter melon is good for diabetic persons for management ?

People with diabetes, their pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin or their body system unable to sue the insulin properly and effectively. In result too much extra glucose un-consumed in the body. To consume the extra glucose the body require the insulin to convert it in energy. Diabetes develops many complications, if blood glucose level remain high for the long time. To avoid these complications, it is important to the patient to adopt healthy diets and exercise to manage the diabetic condition.

It is observed certainly that some foods increase the blood sugar level like mango and bananas, this condition can create problems. The person who desire to live healthy with diabetes, bitter melon is good herb to manage the diabetes.

Under we analyze the impact and effects bitter melon on blood glucose level.

Treating diabetes

Many people avoid to take medicines and wish to try natural treatments. They must try bitter melon in diet as curry and its juice as tonic to lower the blood glucose level.

When the pancreas unable to produce insulin completely, then symptoms of diabetes type 1 develop. Diabetes type 2 occurs when the body unable to consume insulin properly or pancreas could not produces sufficient insulin. Majority of the people in the world with diabetes, suffering from diabetes type 2.

A lot of people with diabetes keep precautions and management very well. Because they care themselves very well, so they stay safe from further complications. Diabetic person with healthy lifestyle and a range of medications can spend healthy life.

Because some drugs therapies may can develop some side effects.

In the modern days, many people wish to treat by natural treatments and we know that natural treatments don’t develop the side effects. If anyone wish to adopt natural treatment method, then bitter melon is a good choice. Including the bitter melon in daily meals may help to keep the blood glucose normal.

Benefits of Bitter Melon in Diabetes

Bitter melon nutrient values

Bitter melon have many minerals and vitamins.

The bitter melon has nutrients as under:-


Vitamin c

Dietary fibers



These nutrients provide various benefits to the patients who have diabetes such as:-

Bitter Melon help to keep the blood glucose level normal. This useful vegetable Bitter melon contains some chemical whose are as insulin like polypeptide-p.

People with diabetes both type 1 and 2 can use this vegetable. The herbs specialists advise that a glass of bitter melon juice taking daily keep the blood glucose level under control.

Bitter melon contain many components who develop hypoglycemia in the body, this not only keep the blood sugar level low but also increases the ability of glucose utilization and convert into energy.

Bitter melon specially keep low the fasting plasma glucose level. The chemical lectin component beneficial for reducing blood glucose concentration. Charantia is one of the most critical components found in the fruit.

Charantia contains sitosterylglucoside and stigmasteryl glucoside.

Charantia and lectin both are useful in the reduction of blood glucose level.
Bitter Melon help to strengthening the immune system.


The person having diabetes, it is important to keep the blood glucose level under control to avoid any complication. If the diabetic person behave ignorance of diabetes illness Contracting to the other illness, it will be disaster for his health.

Bitter melon is very important to keep improving the functioning of the immune system.

Also read these article :

Moringa leaves benefits for diabetes

Carrot ( Carrot and Diabetes)

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