Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can develop only in pregnancy. Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to develop diabetes type 2 later on in life. We mention about Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment.
Diabetes is a silent killer disease. After diagnosis must be controlled the sugar level in the body and treated as well under the advises of physician and principals of medical science and must not ignore, otherwise it is very harmful for human body and life as well.
Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention
During pregnancy a lot of changes develop in pregnancy. Sometime blood pressure goes high or some time anemia developed. Sometime blood sugar level becomes too high. If blood sugar level becomes high, in the medical system, it,s called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia duration remains along time during pregnancy is a sign of diabetes. This type of diabetes called Gestational Diabetes. In this article,we shall mention all about Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment.
Unlike other types, gestational diabetes can develop only in pregnancy. Any woman who is suffering from hyperglycemia (having a high blood sugar level) during pregnancy may can suffer from gestational diabetes It is observed that gestational diabetes mostly develops after 6 months in the third trimester. The diabetes specialists say that gestational diabetes usually disappears after the baby birth.
Any women, who had to suffer from gestational diabetes so far in pregnancy, it is possibility to her to develop diabetes type 2 later on in life.
Some changes occur during pregnancy. The placenta produces a hormone during pregnancy in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy along with the growth demands of the fetus.
This hormone resists insulin. This hormone increases insulin production in the pregnant women, because pregnant women need more extra insulin than normal. The body needs energy and this energy are gotten from glucose who moves into the blood cells. The insulin is responsible to transfer sugar into glycogen to move into the blood cells and circulate it with the bloodstream.
Pregnant woman being overweight or sometime by any reason, during pregnancy the pancreas could not produce such quantity of insulin according to need, because glucose could not consume properly, the glucose stays in the bloodstream unconsumed, and blood sugar remain high. This condition, called Gestational Diabetes.
To understand Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment we will mention all above topic in detail.
How common is type Gestational Diabetes
Diabetes, Gestational usually occurs during pregnancy. After diagnosis, about Diabetes, Gestational, we find two conditions.
Pregnant women having diabetes gestational, in 20% of them, symptoms of diabetes gestational disappear after baby birth. However, these women are advised to continue exercising 20 minutes daily and manage healthy diet, to avoid diabetes gestational next time. This condition is not permanent, so they don’t much worry.
90% women who have suffered from diabetes gestational once, are at risk of suffering from diabetes gestational again during pregnancy.
Usually in Gestational diabetes the pancreas does not produce insulin, so women have to get insulin to control blood sugar level. In this condition, it will ensure blood glucose stays in the acceptable range, therefore reducing the risk to you and your baby. The diabetes specialists usually, do not advise insulin to control the blood sugar level, but some women in special need insulin.
Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment
Gestational Diabetes Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms and signs of Gestational Diabetes are same like diabetes type 2. There are no any specific notable or typical signs that indicate only gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes, signs and symptoms can include:
- Tracing sugar in urine by laboratory test
- Excessive urination
- Very thirsty and dry mouth
- Infections in vaginal, bladder, and skin problems
- Blurred vision
Some Causes to Develop Gestational Diabetes
Risk factors for gestational diabetes include
1-Obesity Especially During Pregnancy
It is observed that some women become obese during pregnancy.
In women some changing occur during pregnancy in the hormone production system in the early stage of pregnancy.
Some women prevent themselves to exercise and physical activities, so due to this laziness and lack of healthy diets they become overweight.
Some women in pregnancy feel more hunger and eat foods more than need. Due to these causes pregnant become obese.
2-High Blood Pressure
Some women avoid to exercise and physical activities and become obese. Due to being obese, they can suffer hypertension.
Some women naturally due to pregnancy suffer from high blood pressure problem. But after baby birth this problem gone away. Obese woman is more in risk of high blood pressure.
Some chemical and harmonic changes are causes of high blood pressure.
Extra baby weight is another cause of high blood pressure.
High blood pressure during pregnancy also increases the risk of Gestational diabetes.
High blood pressure in pregnancy is more risk of Gestational diabetes.
3- Complications after Medical Treatment
Sometimes the medications develop some complications like peptic ulster. Some women before being pregnant, already suffering from any common disease or any specific disease like kidney problem or any psychological problem and continued the medication for a long time. This continuing medication long time may be able to develop any complication during pregnancy. These complications may can cause of Gestational Diabetes
4- Harmonic Changes
During pregnancy some harmonic changes accrue in hormone production and its function. Sometimes level of these hormones like cortisone, estrogen and human placental lactogenic increased. This incitement can interfere in blood sugar level management and blood sugar level may be able to high.
5- Heredity (A family history of diabetes type 2)
There are many basic causes of diabetes and heredity is a main cause of diabetes. In a family where father be a diabetic, or mother be diabetic or both were diabetic, the children are at more risk of diabetes. The ladies having diabetes in family history are more at risk of Gestational Diabetes.
Some other diabetes causes are included:-
Once a lady suffered with Gestational Diabetes, she can suffer from Gestational Diabetes in the next pregnancy.
previous gestational diabetes history
Any women having gestational diabetes history, can suffer from gestational diabetes next in future pregnancy.
- Pre-diabetes Symptoms
- Give birth obese baby (over 9 pounds)
- Family, history of diabetes or any brother suffering from diabetes
- A personal, history poly cystic ovary syndrome
Gestational Diabetes diagnose Criteria
Blood sugar level higher than 130 mg/DL (milligrams per deciliter) in fasting or 8 hourS later after any meal.
Postprandial or after meal Hyperglycemia
Blood sugar level higher than 180 mg/dL 2 hours after any meal. Sometime in people blood sugar level becomes higher than 40 mg/dL after a meal. But this condition is very rear.
Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Gestational Diabetes Complications
Gestational Diabetes Complications occur during pregnancy.
In the woman, gestational diabetes appears when her blood sugar level becomes higher than normal in pregnancy. This type of diabetes develops usually in the 7th month of pregnancy and after baby birth the symptoms of diabetes disappear.
When Gestational Diabetes occurred in a woman it is very essential to keep the blood sugar levels under control through medications, healthy diets and exercise. Keeping blood sugar level normal very necessary otherwise remaining blood sugar level high for the long time during pregnancy is harmful for pregnant and for baby too.
Due to remaining blood sugar level high can develop many complications for mother and baby.
In gestational diabetes following complications may be able to develop:-
The complications of all types of diabetes include gestational diabetes are equal in in destruction and danger. Although gestational diabetes complications are developed for the short duration.
The gestational diabetes complications not only develop problems in pregnancy but also affect the newborn baby.
It is very necessary, in diabetes gestational to keep blood sugar level normal to prevent the baby and mother from any harmful complication.
Remaining blood sugar level high is quite dangerous, as it can develop many severe complications for baby and mother.
Complications in Gestational Diabetes Linked to Mother
In all types of diabetes the common symptom is frequent urination, The patient suffering from gestational diabetes also suffer from this problem (polyuria (frequent urination).
Because, due to frequent urination (polyuria) a lot of fluid exhausted from the body, so dehydration and fluid deficiency develop in the body. Due to dehydration and fluid deficiency in pregnancy. Polyhydramnios can develop and a lot of complications can develop.
There are certain risks, including:
- Umbilical cord prolapse
- Placental abruption
- Premature Birth
- Fetal malposition
- Pre-term labor
- Excess fetal growth
- Post preterm hemorrhage
Preeclampsia is another complication may can develop in the gestational diabetes in pregnancy. It generally develops during the third trimester and affects about 1 in 20 pregnancies.Remaining blood sugar high for a long time puts many effects on the body. Sometimes blood vessels blocked or become narrow.
The blood vessels of the uterus also become narrow within other blood vessels. Due to blood vessels narrow the blood does not circulate in the uterus regularly and all body as well. The pregnant can suffer from hypertension due to blood vessels narrow. Preeclampsia may can develop due to blood pressure in gestational diabetes.
After diagnosis the preeclampsia, it is very necessary to start treatment to avoid further complications. Eclampsia can develop if the preeclampsia remain untreated, Due to eclampsia development mother can experience convulsions, coma, and can even die.
Some further information’s about preeclampsia are below:
5% of pregnancies can effect by preeclampsia with gestational diabetes.
Treatment must start immediately after preeclampsia diagnosis. In case of treatment not started it can develop into preeclampsia, It is a potentially life-threatening condition. This condition can develop with hypertension with gestational diabetes.
In some cases, a genetic component can cause of preeclampsia.
Complications of preeclampsia Mat Include:
Fetal growth restriction
The main cause of preeclampsia is being blood vessels of uterus narrow, so blood does not circulate properly in the uterus, so adequate blood does not reach in the placenta. By this reason placenta unable to get oxygen and nutrients. This condition lead to slow growth called it fetal growth restriction, low birth weight or pre-term birth.
Preeclampsia develops many complications, and Placental abruption, with one of them. In this condition the placenta get separation from the inner wall of your uterus before delivery. Heavy bleeding is possible in case of severe abruption which can be life-threatening for both mother and your baby.
HELLP syndrome is another complication of preeclampsia. In this condition, sometime red cells in blood may destroy. In this condition the liver enzymes elevated and low platelet formed. This complication is more severe form of preeclampsia. This condition can rapidly become life-threatening for both patient and her baby
Risk of diabetes mellitus in future
The pregnant women had suffered once from diabetes gestational, are in risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes in further life.
The pregnant women had suffered once from diabetes gestational, there is a great possibility to suffer from diabetes gestational during pregnancies in future.
Some Other Complications can Occur with Gestational Diabetes
Swelling of feet, ankles face and hands caused by fluid retention
- Severe headache
- Pain just below the rib
- Vision problems
Complications in Gestational Diabetes linked to Baby
Natural ways to prevent the Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a very unique type of diabetes, who occur during pregnancy and often after baby birth this condition goes away. To prevent this type of diabetes no specific method still discovered. However, we can adopt some natural way to keep blood sugar level normal.
Diet plan and Meal schedule
Gestational diabetes is a very unique type of diabetes, who occur during pregnancy and often after baby birth this condition goes away. To prevent this type of diabetes no specific method still discovered. However we can adopt some natural way to keep blood sugar level normal.
Then you will search about diabetes causes, you will find that in in all types of diabetes, there is only one common point that is irregular dietary schedule and imbalance diet.
Irregular dietary schedule and imbalance diet sometime develop serious complications on human natural metabolic activity and negatively affects the functionality of insulin reception.
To avoid the complications and keep the body healthy, we must adopt the strict meal schedule and dietary plan. According this plan and schedule, the patient must take a small meal after 2-3 hours so the body becomes to use to regular processing and absorption of nutrients.
Keeping blood sugar levels normal is very important thing in all types of diabetes. Exercise and physical activities play a vital role in this connection. A normal person consumes 2.5 calories in normal and rest condition while 5 calories are consumed by exercise and physical activities in a minute.
To keep the blood sugar level normal some light exercise and physical activities are a very necessary in gestational diabetes to avoid obesity and other complications. Through Exercise we not only can low the blood sugar level but also useful for general human health.
During pregnancy, most women gain some extra weight, but this weight can managed through healthy ways especially light exercise and fibrous diet. 30 minutes walk daily in the morning and evening is sufficient. It is advised that Jogging and hard exercise is not recommended in pregnancy.
High Fiber Diet
Nutrient specialist suggest in the all types of diabetes the diets having less carbohydrate and fats. The diabetic person should avoid diets those are rich in carbohydrate and fats. Nutrient specialists also advised to include fiber rich diets in daily meals. Diets rich in fiber are is necessary in diabetes and treatment and management. By adopting a fibrous diet, the blood sugar level can be maintained normal.
Fiber is more beneficial to make insulin reception active and help to balance the insulin level. In the case of where person with gestational diabetes, he should keep the diets rich in fiber part of daily meals. Because fibrous diet is crucial to insulin reception. Rich in fiber, vegetables, flax seeds and legumes are available in the market. Good sources of fiber are whole grain that will improve your chance of avoiding gestational diabetes and preventing diabetes complications.
Vitamins play important and vital role in persons having diabetes. Vitamins AB and C are antioxidant . In diabetes, the abnormality of glucose metabolism develops oxidative stress. These vitamins help to control oxidative stress.In diabetes, due to lack of insulin, the glucose does not circulate in the body properly.
The body parts could not receive sufficient energy. Due to less energy, many deficiencies occur in the body like vitamins and other minerals. To fulfill these deficiencies fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, duly must include in daily diet plan. In diabetes, many complications develop due to insufficient energy like heart diseases, eye vision, weak bones and muscles pain.
Whole Food Carbs
Many things that we eat in our meals contain carbohydrate, but all types of carb in the things are not equal, but Some things are rich in complex carbohydrates like white rice and potato. This type of carbohydrates breaks down to more value able form of sugar.
Some things do not contain much carbs or very less carbs like red rice, whole grain, beans, fruits, and oats could help prevent the complication or treat the condition.
The things overly processed in markets, packaged, or restaurant foods are fully predicting, which makes controlling your blood sugar levels very differently.
Instead of markets, foods, fast foods, and market foods, full of fats, please, choose plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit, in the meals. It is advised to avoid bread, especially white bread, and other empty carbohydrates found in junk food,
Sugar free Diet
In the causes of all types of diabetes, there are some common things who are more related to causes of diabetes, being obese, and the use of extra unhealthy diets, junk foods and sugar products. Due to using extra sugar products the sugar level becomes higher and in the obesity more insulin need. In both conditions the pancreas has to do some extra work and remains under pressure.
The main way to protect from gestational diabetes is to reduce sugar from your diet entirely and keep a sugar free diet in routine. There are some natural sweet alternatives and honey, we can take with meals in low quantity to sweetening the taste to avoid the gestational diabetes. Simple fruits are best option instead of fruit juices.
Learn more about the different types of diabetes: