Types of Insulin

Types of Insulin

Overview

There are many types of insulin. Either people have diabetes type 1 or diabetes type 2, are dependent on insulin and they have to use insulin to treat diabetes. Each type of insulin has its effects of limited time and have to repeat many times in a day after specific time. Now we can reduce or increase due to the effects of exercise, diet, illness, some medicines, stress, the dose, how you take it, or where you inject it.We will understand better to read the following detail:

Types Of Insulin and How insulin Taken

Rapid – Acting Insulin

Humalog (lispro), NovoLog (aspart), Apidra (glulisine) Rapid – Acting Insulin

This type of insulin called Humalog (lispro), NovoLog (aspart), Apidra (glulisine)

Human pancreas produced insulin and Rapid-acting insulin is similar in effects and action.
We can take this type of insulin ( Rapid-acting insulin ) just before or after meals. Typically, diabetes specialist uses this type of insulin in addition to a longer-acting insulin. The person must take this type to control spikes in blood sugar. After taking the medicine, it often works within 15 minutes, and between 30 to 90 minutes it peaks and its effectiveness last 3 to 5 hours.


When medicine must take ?


About 3 to It starts work after some minutes, and drops the blood sugar level and works for a short time. 5 minutes before eating or when sit to eat on table.


Its appearance is clear.

Short-acting insulin

( Humulin R, Novolin R ) (insulin regular)Short-acting insulin

Its example name is (Humulin R, Novolin R) (insulin regular)

This type of insulin starts effect in very short time. Usually, diabetes specialists advice to take it during the meal. To get an early effect, we can take it 30 minutes before start meal to control the blood glucose level.

A type of insulin; Short-acting insulin, do not mix proper when the insulin bottle leaved foe some time or for a while.

Short-acting insulin starts effect within 30 minutes to one hour and goes to peak after 2 to 3 hours.


The type, Short-acting insulin last its effect about 5 to 8 hours.

Because Short-acting insulin keeps its effect time for the longest time, so there is no need to take it at every meal. The patient can take it at breakfast and supper and still have good control because it lasts a little longer.

Intermediate-acting insulin

Its real name is ( Humulin N (NPH), Novolin N (NPH)

Humulin N (NPH), Novolin N (NPH) Intermediate-acting insulin


Intermediate-acting insulin can last its effectiveness for a long time about 12 hours. It can control blood sugar level for a long time. The patient can take it overnight. This type of insulin starts its work some later, about about 1 hour. If This type of insulin keep sit for even a few minutes, the buffered insulin settles to the bottom of the vial.


Its appearance is cloudy.


According to the diabetes specialist, Intermediate-acting insulin offer baseline insulin coverage and patient can take it with short-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin.

Long-acting insulin

( Lantus (glargine), Levemir (detemir).Long-acting insulin

This type of insulin also called ( Lantus (glargine), Levemir (detemir).
Long-acting insulin starts its effect after 1 hour and lasts for 20 to 26 hours with no peak.

Long-acting insulin is for a long time and cover the insulin needs for a full day. The diabetes specialist mostly advises it at bedtime.

About a Whole day this type of insulin, long-acting insulin keeps its coverage and have been helpful in achieving good blood sugar control in type 2 diabetes.

This type, Long-acting insulin starts to work (onset) 3 to 4 hours.


Its appearance is clear.

Pre-mixed insulin

( Humulin 70/30, Novolin 70/30, NovoLog 70/30, Humulin 50/50, Humalog mix 75/25, Humalog mix 50/50 )


Pre-mixed insulin known as ( Humulin 70/30, Novolin 70/30, NovoLog 70/30, Humulin 50/50, Humalog mix 75/25, Humalog mix 50/50 )

This type of insulin, is a combination of two types intermediate-acting insulin and short-acting insulin.

Often, the patient can take Pre-mixed insulin twice a day before meals. Its injection should be taken 10 minutes to 30 minutes before eating. This type of insulin starts working after 5 to 60 minutes, and its peak times vary and last effectiveness about 10 to 16 hours.

Insulin delivery ( way of insulin taking )


As there are many types of insulin, just like, there are many ways to inject insulin in the body ever before. We can take insulin via a tiny needle, an injector pen, or even an insulin pump.

In which ever way you adopt insulin delivery, in every condition it will be a lifesaver.

The insulin lowers toxic blood sugar, preventing its complications like blindness, nerve damage, kidney damage, and other diabetes related complications.

Remember that you should be very careful about insulin taking. And don’t skip insulin doses, otherwise you have to face health problems down the road.

How is insulin given?


Different insulin devices, to insulin given to the body

How is insulin given?

There are many different devices available to inject insulin into the body. We can use all these devices, to take all types of insulin. Basically, you can choose from these devices, according to your condition and easiness.

Devices for All Types of Insulin

Insulin syringes

Insulin syringes

There are different sizes of Insulin syringes, but we must use only with insulin vial (10 ml). Syringes are made on the scales of 30 units ml (3ml.5000), units (ml 5ml.0) and 100 units (0ml.1).

The size of the syringe depends on the dose of insulin, such as: 10 unit dose can be easily measured in 30 unit syringe and 55 unit dose can be easily measured in 100 unit syringe.

It is best to use each syringe only once.

Syringe needles are available in different lengths, ranging from 8 mm to 13 mm. Your doctor or diabetes specialist will help you decide which syringe is right for you.


Insulin pan

Insulin pan

All types of devices for insulin, in different sizes and shapes, are available in the market. An insulin cartridge (3 ml containing 300 units of insulin) fills a device. When it is finished, a new cartridge is inserted. Your doctor or diabetes specialist will tell you which device is right for your needs and lifestyle.

Many people find pens easier to use than syringes. People who have vision problems or arthritis may find it easier to use a pre-filled InnoLet or other similar device.

They must consult their doctor or any diabetes specialist to get knowledge about this. To avoid any complication, the patient should use one needle for each injection.

Needles vary in length – 5 mm, 6 mm, 8 mm or 12 mm. The thickness of the needles (gauge) also varies – 28G, 29G, 30G or 31G. The larger the digit, the thinner the needle.

Insulin pump

Insulin pump


An insulin pump is a small programmable device (about the size of a pager) in which insulin is stored. The pump is programmed in such a way that it enters the body through a thin plastic tube called an infusion set. Keep delivering insulin.

In a bag or belt, this pump is attached to the outside of the body. The infusion set consists of a thin needle or flexible tube (cannula) just below the skin, usually the patient insert the needle into the abdomen where it stays for two to three days.


This pump is attached to the outside of the body in a bag or belt. The infusion set consists of a thin needle or flexible tube (cannula) just below the skin, usually inserted into the abdomen where it stays for two to three days.

Insulin pump has releases insulin into the pancreas of people with diabetes just like the mucus. A small amount of insulin, the patient takes between meals. The person uses Only skin-acting insulin. Every time a person eats food, the pump releases a wave of insulin under its programming, of course

The pump uses only skin-acting insulin. Whenever a person eats food, the pump releases a wave of insulin under its programming, just like the pancreas of non-diabetic people releases insulin. Between meals, a small amount of insulin, insulin pump releases in the body.

Insulin pumps are not suitable for everyone. So if you are thinking of using a pump, talk to your care team about diabetes first.


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