Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Mostly persons with diabetes, in future suffer from hypertension, because there is a Link between diabetes and high blood pressure ( Hyperglycemia ) while, High blood pressure (hypertension) can develop to many complications of diabetes. It is observed that most people with diabetes, will Eventually suffer from high blood pressure, heart diseases and other blood circulation problems After a long period of suffering from diabetes. In this article we will explain that what is relation between Diabetes and High Blood Pressure.
Diabetes is a silent killer disease. After diagnosis the diabetes, person must control his blood sugar level in the body and start his treatment as well under the advises of physician and principals of medical science and should not ignore the treatment and management, otherwise it is very harmful for human body and life as well.
Relation between hyperglycaemia and hypertension
The person with diabetes is twice in risk of suffering from hypertension in future than a person without diabetes. There are many common causes between diabetes and hypertension. If person do not start treatment and high blood pressure remain high, it can raise your risk for heart disease and stroke.
According to the medical specialists, a person with diabetes and with hypertension is four time in risk to develop heart diseases than person not having hypertension and diabetes. Blood circulate in the body through arteries and vessels. Through this circulation the blood provides different minerals and salts to the body.
What is blood pressure?
Blood circulates in the blood vessels with a force. This force of blood circulation in the vessels and blood force pushing against the arteries wall as the heart pumps blood, called blood pressure.
Due to some known or unknown causes and reasons the blood pressure goes high. High blood pressure means the pressure in your arteries is higher than normal. In this condition persons should try to keep the blood pressure normal by treatment and management under the advise of medical specialist.
Blood circulate in the body through arteries and vessels. Through this circulation the blood provides different minerals and salts to the body.
What is blood pressure ?
The heart pumps blood and during blood circulation in the arteries, force of blood against the arteries wall called blood pressure. Due to some known or unknown causes and reasons the blood pressure goes high. High blood pressure means the pressure in your arteries is higher than normal. In this case persons should try to keep the blood pressure normal by treatment and management under the advise of medical specialist.
What’s a high blood pressure
Blood flows in the vessels with a speed and a force pushing against the artery walls.
Look at the heart function, it beats every time and pushes the blood into the arteries.
Due to some known or unknown reason the blood push the blood against the wall with extra force than normal. Blood circulation and pushing force goes high. This condition called high blood pressure or hypertension. After diagnose the hypertension treatment with medication and management must start.
The hypertension directly increases the risk of coronary heart disease.
In case of high blood pressure, the arteries develop resistance against the flow of blood. Due to some blockage or narrow in arteries the heart has to do extra effort to pump the blood to circulate into the arteries.
To measure blood pressure usually 2 numbers are used, 1st number is for systolic pressure and 2nd is for diastolic pressures.
The heart contracts and pumps the blood into arteries in body and the blood circulate in the arteries with a speed. Measure of this speed in arteries called systolic pressure, the number on the top as example 120/80. In this measure the number 120 is systolic pressure.
When the blood circulates in the arteries and force of blood against the arteries wall called the diastolic pressure. It is the number on the bottom, this time the heart is at rest and arteries are filling with blood.
Blood pressure for adults is defined as:
120 mm Hg and greater number is systolic pressure while 80 mm Hg and greater is diastolic pressure.
Greater than 130 mm Hg in systolic pressure and Greater than 90 mm Hg in diastolic pressure is hypertension.
Less than 120 mm Hg systolic pressure and Less than 80 mm Hg diastolic pressure is normal blood pressure.
It is discovered that insulin resistance which called diabetes type 2 can play basic role in the development of hypertension, Because diabetes and hypertension have many common pathways such as insulin resistance, inflammation, oxidative stress, obesity, and mental stress.
Common Pathways Between Diabetes And Hypertension
Image result for Obesity
From all type of research it is discovered that obesity is a main and common cause in all type of diabetes. It is globally discovered that the most important risk factor for not only for diabetes but also for hypertension. Overweight and obese persons has a significantly higher risk of diabetes type 2 and high blood pressure.
When the dysfunction of feeding develops in the brain centre. In result many disorders occur in the body system. creation of energy and its expenditure become imbalance and develop genetic variations. After these all dysfunction and disorder in the body system the obesity develops in the result.
When the dysfunction of feeding develops in the brain center. In result many disorders occur in the body system. creation of energy and its expenditure become imbalance and develop genetic variations. After these all dysfunction and disorder in the body system the obesity develops in the result.
Approximately 50% to 90% obesity is due to genes. Variaty in weight in verious persons is due to genetic predisposition.
From the latest research, it is discovered that some common susceptibility genes are common in both diseases diabetes and hypertension.
It is observed that symptoms of obesity commonly present in Diabetes and Hypertension.
Where the obesity there will be symptoms of hypertension and hypoglycemia further in both also common susceptibility genes.
Inflammation and Oxidative Stress
Diabetes occur when the pancreas stopped to produce insulin or produce insufficient insulin to according the need. What is the reason that the pancreas unable to produce the insulin. According to the diabetes specialist, the beta cells of pancreas stop the produce insulin due to ant attack by immune system. May be the that reason may can be any inflammation.
As the hypertension is concern the inflammation is a main cause of hypertension specially inflammation of kidney or other parts of body. When any person is in problem with inflammation his blood pressure become high. In diabetes and hypertension the inflammatory process found in various grade.
In research it found that periodontitis is a essential factor in development of hypertension and diabetes. Some times the periodontitis is cause of cardiovascular diseases. To the some physicians, both hypertension and diabetes are believed as chronic inflammatory diseases. Inflammatory markers, Creative protein are increased in patients with diabetes, hypertension, and the metabolic syndrome, and also predict the development of these diseases.
About gene regulatory research has discovered that oxidative stress is a basic molecular mechanism in hyperglycaemia and high blood pressure.
Image result for genetics and high blood pressure
Look at the causes of the hypertension and hyperglycemia. There are many common causes in both diseases like obesity, stress. less physical activities etc. Genetics is one of those common causes. It is observed that hyperglycemia and hypertension are found in children through heredity. If the parent were having hypertension and hyperglycemia then the children are more in risk of hypertension and hyperglycemia.
Insulin Resistance is another common cause between hypertension and diabetes. The main function of insulin is to circulate the the glucose uptake in body muscle and cells and heart and to suppress the production of glucose and very low-density lipid protein in the liver.
The responsibility of Insulin is to stimulates the sympathetic nervous system to increase cardiac output and the delivery and utilization of glucose in the peripheral tissues.
Insulin has many metabolic bad effects as inhibition of glucose release from the liver, Inhibiting the excretion of free fatty acids from adipose tissue. It is also create stimulation of the process of incorporation of amino acids into protein. In the healthy persons the quantity of Insulin-mediated glucose is more than sixfold in muscles variation.
Approximately 50 percent variability in insulin action is determined from gene mutation and remaining 50 percent causes of diabetes and hypertension due to differences in the degree of obesity and physical fitness. 50 percent of persons with diabetes type 2 are also suffering from high blood pressure. Above all discussion it is approved that insulin resistance is an important link between hyperglycemia and hypertension.
Other Common Pathways
Another aspect and common issue between hypertension and hyperglycemia beside genetic aspect is environmental. Environmental mean life style and period in utero.
Human lifestyle is another factor is common between hyperglycemia and hypertension. In modern time, the person love to eat fast foods and fatty meals with western drinks. Not only love this trend but spend time without physical activities. This factor is a great cause of high blood pressure and high blood sugar.
Smoking, taking in high quantity of sodium and alcohol can increase the risk of blood sugar level. Lake of physical activities and mental stress are common factors to increase the hypertension and hyperglycemia.
There are three main reasons who can increase the blood pressure:
blood vessels become hard or rough and decreasing the blood vessels’ ability to stretch
Less Insulin production, Insulin less utilization
More than essential water in the body
It is observed that Diabetes and high blood pressure diseases go together in some persons,
Because the people share all same factors who are risk factors of diabetes and hypertension like obesity, unhealthy diet and inactive lifestyle. Diabetes and hypertension share common pathways such as, oxidative stress, obesity, insulin resistance, and Genetics.
All above factors interact and influence each other and also great causes of hypertension and hyperglycemia.
Diabetes and high blood pressure develop many side effect on metabolic syndrome. Diabetes can develop hypertension later, if patient do not care and do not avoid from unhealthy lifestyle. Just like hypertension can develop hyperglycemia with same reason in same person.
Metabolic syndrome is a basic cause of obesity. In the present days days the treatment of obesity is available.
Changing in lifestyle, avoid from unhealthy diets and fatty meals, can reduce the risk of diabetes and hypertension.
In case of suffering from any disease diabetes and hypertension medication and management must start with all prevention.