The secondary diabetes term is used when diabetes developed to some other diseases and treatment of these diseases decrease the hyperglycemia. In diabetes secondary, Some health conditions occur in the body and due to these conditions, pancreas stopped to produce insulin in the body.
Diabetes is a silent killer disease. Diabetic person must control his sugar level in the body, after diagnosis the diabetes and must start treatment as well under the advises of physician and principals of medical science and must not ignore, otherwise it is very harmful for human body and life as well.
The human body needs insulin to provide energy to the all parts of body through the bloodstream. In diabetes the pancreas does not produce insulin or produces insufficient insulin, further diabetes is a disease that affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin. When we eat foods or any energy drinks our body turns that foods or drink into energy.
Role of Insulin
insulin a hormone, drives the energy to cells of the whole body through circulation in bloodstream. When insulin drive energy to the body cells. The body cells accept and receive the energy. In case of the pancreas produces less or unable to produce insulin or in any reason the body could not utilize the insulin, the blood sugar level remains high in the body.
Blood glucose levels remain higher than normal for individuals called diabetes. There are some causes whose are directly affected the insulin production and are causes of hyperglycemia like obesity and genetics. Sometimes, in some conditions affect body organs and be causes diabetes.
In diabetes secondary, some health conditions occur in the body and due to these conditions pancreas stopped to producing insulin in the body. A lot of health conditions and complications can be developed due to secondary diabetes. The secondary diabetes term is used when diabetes developed to some other diseases and treatment of these diseases decreases the hyperglycemia.
Health conditions which can cause diabetes Secondary include:
- Cystic fibrosis
- Chronic pancreatitis
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Pancreatic diseases
- Drugs & Chemical induced
- Liver diseases
- Chronic renal failure
- Cystic Fibrosis
What is cystic Fibrosis?
The body provides many types of fluids to avoid the body from dryness. Sometimes, this fluid gather a spot and makes a cystic. Cystic Fibrosis is a disease in which sticky mucus builds up in any area in the body and damages the organs.
It is found that these secreted fluids look like thin and smooth. The purpose of this fluid in the body is to keep the bod parts lubricant. This fluid keeps the body protect from dryness and infection inside the joints.
Cystic Fibrosis effect the following organs;–
How Cystic fibrosis effects the pancreas and insulin production
In the body the various parts produce various enzymes. Further, various body organs produce sweat, mucus, and digestive enzymes in the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce sweat, mucus, and digestive enzymes in the body. Further production of enzymes, the pancreas also produces a hormone named insulin who helps to keep blood glucose level normal.
Over time, the buildup Cystic fibrosis, this enzyme begin to destroy the pancreas by the break down pancreatic tissue. Due to this destruction the pancreas stopped to producing insulin. Further, various body organs produce sweat, mucus, and digestive enzymes in the body. Cystic fibrosis affects the cells that produce sweat, mucus, and digestive enzymes in the body.
Hemochromatosis is a disease in which too much iron stored the body specially in the liver. Iron is a mineral found in many things like fruits and vegetables. Presence of iron in the body is essential for better health, but too much iron is toxic to your body. Due to any unknown reason, Iron can build up in any body part and make them unable to act its job. Mostly it builds up in liver, pancreas and heart.
If the iron stored in the pancreas for some time it leads to diabetes. Symptoms of Hemochromatosis develop between the age of 40 to 60 in the men, whereas in the women symptoms of Hemochromatosis develop after menopause. Hemochromatosis is a genetic and develop due to excess iron, if remain untreated for a long time, can harm body joints, body organs, and eventually be fatal.
Hemochromatosis develop when the human body absorbs too much iron from the foods. Extra iron stored in the body organs, especially in liver and pancreas. remaining loaded extra iron in the body is life threatening conditions. This condition can develop liver disease, heart problem and diabetes because extra iron in the body may cause diabetes.
Hemochromatosis develop many physical problems and diseases; –
- Heart Failure
- Liver Failure
By the time being the iron buildup and affects the other body organs like liver, heart and pancreas and cause some secondary diseases like joint pain heart stroke and diabetes. Hemochromatosis (build up too much iron in the pancreas) increases the risk for Diabetes mellitus.
What Is Pancreatitis?
The pancreas is an important organ located behind the stomach in the body. The pancreas produces enzymes, which are special proteins. The proteins help the foods to digest and also produces insulin to help the blood sugar to keep the level normal. Sometimes the pancreas become ill due to any type of inflammation. This condition, called Pancreatitis. If this condition remains unhealed for a long time, this condition called Chronic Pancreatitis.
Abusing alcohol and smoking increase the risk of developing pancreatitis and sometimes family pancreatitis background also increases the brisk of pancreatitis. Due to chronic Pancreatitis many complications developed in the various body organs. Incessant pancreatitis can lead to permanent scarring and harm.
Causes of pancreatitis
Calcium stones and cysts may develop in the pancreas, which can block the duct, or tube, that carries digestive enzymes and insulin hormone to the stomach. Due to this insulin blockage the blood sugar level started to become high and may cause the risk of diabetes. Sometimes due to insulin and enzyme pancreatic duct blockage, the gallstones or pancreatic stones develop in the pancreas and become cause diabetes.
The pancreatitis puts side effects on pancreas and damage the cells that produce the insulin who control the blood sugar level. This situation increases the blood sugar level. About 50% persons will get diabetes of Persons suffering from chronic pancreatitis.
Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome
Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome is a disease that usually appears in women between the age of 15 to 45. This hormonal disorder condition occurs among women only. In this condition women usually experience many hormonal problems, especially menstrual periods problems or excess male hormone level. In this disease the ovaries are unable to release eggs regularly. Due to this reason it is harder for them to get pregnant.
There is a very close relation between polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance. Mostly the pre-diabetes symptoms appeared in women who, having polycystic ovary syndrome problem. It is possible that too much androgen level in the PCOS condition may can cause insulin resistance.
Polycystic Ovaries Syndrome may can cause some secondary diseases or complications; –
- Gestational diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Anxiety and eating disorders
Initially ,only pre-diabetes symptoms appeared in any individual, but later some individuals can be gaining extra weight and then increased the risk of insulin resistance and symptoms of diabetes type 2.
Pancreatitis is another cause of secondary diabetes. Due to Pancreatitis the risk of secondary diabetes may can increase.
What is Pancreatitis?
Due to any reason sometime the pancreas becomes inflamed. This condition, called Pancreatitis. In the pancreatitis many disorders occur in the pancreas. Pancreatitis occurs when digestive enzymes become activated while still in the pancreas, irritating the cells of your pancreas and causing inflammation.There are many causes of pancreatitis, some are below.
Too much alcohol consumption
The person takes too much alcohol in a day, having two or more than two alcoholic drinks in a day can develop inflammation for the individual.
The pancreas produces enzymes that help digestion and insulin that help regulate the way your body sugar (glucose) level under control.
Sometime with any reason gallstones formed in the dockets between pancreas and stomach. These gallstones blocked the dockets and due to this blockage, enzyme and insulin cannot reach to the stomach. Due to this gallstones presence the pancreatitis occurred.
Some other causes for pancreatitis
- An autoimmune response
- Genetic mutation of MCP-1 gene
- Thiazide diuretics
Pancreatitis and diabetes
In the condition of chronic pancreatitis, the risk of diabetes increased. According to the medical scientists that around 50 per cent of people with chronic pancreatitis will go on to develop diabetes. Pancreatitis causes diabetes by affecting the insulin production. If the amount of insulin reduced or increased than requirement, then symptoms of pre-diabetes can have appeared. Forms of diabetes caused by pancreatitis are referred secondary diabetes.
Various glands in the human body produce many hormones like insulin and cortisol.
The most important hormone for human bod is cortisol. The adrenal gland produces the cortisol hormone who plays various vital roles in the body. The cortisol helps to keep blood pressure normal and cardiovascular system functioning normally.
When the adrenal gland produces high quantities of cortisol then Cushing syndrome occur in the body. Cushing syndrome, sometimes called hypercortisolism, may be caused by the use of oral portico steroid medication.
The condition can also occur when your body makes too much cortisol on its own. Due to high level production cortisol in the body for the longest time many complications develop inside and on the body.
These complications may be include; –
Fatty hump between your shoulders. Pink or purple stretch marks High blood pressure.
Learn more about the different types of diabetes: