Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention

Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention
Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention

Gestational Diabetes Causes Symptoms Complications Prevention

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can develop only in pregnancy. Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to develop diabetes type 2 later on in life. We mention about Gestational Diabetes Causes Symptoms Complications Prevention.

Diabetes is a silent killer disease. After diagnosis must be controlled the sugar level in the body and treated as well under the advises of physician and principals of medical science and must not ignore, otherwise it is very harmful for human body and life as well.

Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Prevention

During pregnancy a lot of changes develop in pregnant. Sometime blood pressure goes high or some time anaemia developed. Sometime blood sugar level becomes too high. If blood sugar level becomes high, in medical system, it called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia duration remain long time during pregnancy is sign of diabetes. This type of diabetes called Gestational Diabetes. In this article, we shall mention all about Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that can develop only in pregnancy

Usually Gestational diabetes in women occurs when they hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) during pregnancy.

It is observed that gestational diabetes mostly develops (between 24 and 28 weeks) in the third trimester. The diabetes specialist say that gestational diabetes usually disappears after the baby birth.

Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are more likely to develop diabetes type 2 later on in life. Some changes occur during pregnancy. Placenta produces a hormone during pregnancy in the 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy along with the growth demands of the fetus.

This hormone resists insulin. This hormone increases insulin production in the pregnant women, because pregnant women need more extra insulin than normal. The body needs energy and this energy is gotten from glucose who moves into the blood cells. The insulin is responsible to transfer sugar into glycogen to move into the blood cells and circulate it with bloodstream.

Pregnant woman being overweight or sometime by any reason, during pregnancy the pancreas could not produce such quantity of insulin according to need, because glucose could not consumed properly, the glucose stays in the bloodstream unconsumed, and blood sugar remain high. This condition called Gestational Diabetes.

To understand Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment we will mention all above topic in detail.

How common is type Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes usually found during pregnancy. There are two conditions after diagnose:-
1- 20% pregnant women are in Gestational diabetes but after baby birth is gone away. However after baby birth these have too much prevention jobs to avoid it like exercise and managing their diet. These women don’t much worry.

2- 90% women having Gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later on in life.

Usually in Gestational diabetes the pancreas does not produce insulin, so women have to get insulin to control blood sugar level. In this condition, it will ensure blood glucose stays in the acceptable range, therefore reducing the risk to you and your baby.

Very few women with gestational diabetes require insulin to control this type of diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Gestational Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms and signs of Gestational Diabetes are same like diabetes type 2. There are no any specific notable or typical signs that indicate only gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes, signs and symptoms can include:
Tracing sugar in urine by lib test
Excessive urination
Very thirsty and dry mouth
Infections in vaginal, bladder, and skin problems
Blurred vision
Some Causes to Develop Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnant women.
Risk factors for gestational diabetes include

1-Obesity Especially During Pregnancy

It is observed that some women become obese during pregnancy.
In women some changing occur during pregnancy in hormone production system in the early stage of pregnancy.
Some women prevent themselves to exercise and physical activities, so due to this laziness and lake of healthy diets they become overweight.
Some women in pregnancy feel more hunger and eat foods more than need.
Due to these causes pregnant become obese.

2-High Blood Pressure

Some women avoid to exercise and physical activities and become obese. Due to being obese they can suffer hypertension.
Some women naturally due to pregnancy suffer from high blood pressure problem. But after baby birth this problem gone away.
Obese woman is more in risk of high blood pressure.
Some chemical and harmonic changes are causes of high blood pressure.
Extra baby weight is another cause of high blood pressure.
High blood pressure during pregnancy also increase the risk of Gestational diabetes.
High blood pressure in pregnant is more risk of Gestational diabetes.

3- Complications after Medical Treatment

Some times the medications develop some complications like peptic ulster. some women before being pregnant, already suffering from any common disease or any specific disease like kidney problem or any psychological problem and continued the medication for long time. This continuing medication long time may be able to develop any complication during pregnancy. These complications can be cause of Gestational Diabetes

4- Harmonic Changes

During pregnancy some harmonic changes accrue in hormone production and its function. Sometimes level of these hormones like cortisone, oestrogen and human placental lactogenic increased. This incitement can interfere in blood sugar level management and blood sugar level may be able to high.

5- Heredity (A family history of diabetes type 2)

There are many basic causes of diabetes and heredity is a main cause of diabetes. In a family where father be a diabetic, or mother be diabetic or both were diabetic, the children are in more risk of diabetes. The ladies having diabetes in family history are more in risk of Gestational Diabetes.

Some other diabetes causes are including:-

Once a lady suffered in Gestational Diabetes, she can suffer from Gestational Diabetes in next pregnancy.
History of gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy is a cause of Gestational Diabetes.
Pre-diabetes Symptoms
Give birth obese baby (over 9 pounds)
Family history of diabetes or any brother suffering from diabetes
A personal history poly cystic ovary syndrome
Gestational Diabetes diagnose Criteria
Fasting Hyperglycemia
blood sugar level higher than 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) in fasting or 8 hour later after any meal.

Postprandial or after meal Hyperglycemia

Blood sugar level higher than 180 mg/dL 2 hours after any meal. Sometime in people blood sugar level become high than 40 mg/dL after a meal. But this condition is very rear.

Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment

Gestational Diabetes Complications

In the woman, gestational diabetes appears when her blood sugar level become high than normal in pregnancy. This type of diabetes develops usually in the 7th month of pregnancy and after baby birth the symptoms of diabetes disappear.

When Gestational Diabetes occurred in a woman it is very essential to keep the blood sugar level under control through medications, healthy diets and exercise. Keeping blood sugar level normal very necessary otherwise remaining blood sugar level high for the long time during pregnancy is harmful for pregnant and for baby too.
Due to remaining blood sugar level high can develop many complications for mother and baby.

The complications of all types of diabetes include gestational diabetes are equal in in destruction and danger. Although gestational diabetes complications are develop for the short duration.
The gestational diabetes complications not only develop problems in pregnant but also affect the new born baby.
It is very necessary, in diabetes gestational to keep blood sugar level normal to prevent the baby and mother from any harmful complication.
Remaining blood sugar level high is quite dangerous, as it can develop many severe complications for baby and mother.

Complications in Gestational Diabetes Linked to Mother

In all types of diabetes the common symptom is frequent urination, The patient suffering from gestational diabetes also suffer from this problem (polyuria (frequent urination).
Because, due to frequent urination (polyuria) a lot of fluid exhausted from the body, so dehydration and fluid deficiency develop in the body. Due to dehydration and fluid deficiency in pregnant Polyhydramnios can develop and a lot of complications can develop.

There are certain risks, including:

Umbilical cord prolapse
Placental abruption
Premature Birth
Fetal malposition
Pre-term labor
Excess fetal growth
Postpartum haemorrhage


Preeclampsia is another complication may can develop in the gestational diabetes in pregnant.
It generally develops during the third trimester and affects about 1 in 20 pregnancies.Remaining blood sugar high for long time puts many effects on body. Sometimes blood vessels blocked or become narrow.
The blood vessels of uterus also become narrow within other blood vessels. Due to blood vessels narrow the blood does not circulate in the uterus regularly and all body as well. The pregnant can suffer from hypertension due to blood vessels become narrow.
preeclampsia may can developed due to blood pressure in gestational diabetes
After diagnosis the preeclampsia, it is very necessary to start treatment to avoid further complications.
Eclampsia can develop if the preeclampsia remain untreated, Due to eclampsia development mother can experience convulsions, coma, and can even die.

Gestational Diabetes Causes Symptoms Complications Prevention

Some further information’s about preeclampsia are under:

1-5% of pregnancies can effect by preeclampsia with gestational diabetes.
Treatment must started immediately after preeclampsia diagnosis. In case of treatment not started it can develop into preeclampsia, It is a potentially life-threatening condition. This condition can develop with hypertension with gestational diabetes.
In some cases, a genetic component can cause of preeclampsia.

Complications of preeclampsia Mat Include:

Fetal growth restriction
Main cause of preeclampsia is being blood vessels of uterus narrow, so blood does not circulate properly in the uterus, so adequate blood does not reach in the placenta. By this reason placenta unable to get oxygeon and nutrients. This condition lead to slow growth called it fetal growth restriction, low birth weight or pre-term birth.

Placental abruption
Preeclampsia develops many complications, and Placental abruption is one of them. In this condition the placenta get separation from the inner wall of your uterus before delivery. Heavy bleeding is possible in case of severe abruption which can be life-threatening for both mother and your baby.

HELLP syndrome
HELLP syndrome is another complication of preeclampsia. In this condition, sometime red cells in blood may destroy. In this condition the liver enzymes elevated and low platelet formed. This complication is more severe form of preeclampsia. This condition can rapidly become life-threatening for both patient and her baby

Risk of diabetes mellitus in future

The woman had suffered from gestational diabetes has seven times chance of suffering from diabetes diabetes type 2 in future than woman who does not suffer from gestational diabetes and he have had a normal pregnancy.

Future pregnancies
Once a woman suffers from gestational diabetes, in this case, that woman increased risk of having gestational diabetes in any future pregnancies.


Swelling of feet, ankles face and hands caused by fluid retention

Severe headache
Pain just below the rib
Vision problems

Gestational Diabetes Causes Symptoms Complications Prevention


Natural ways to prevent the Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a very unique type of diabetes, who occur during pregnancy and often after baby birth this condition goes away. To prevent this type of diabetes no specific method still discovered. However we can adopt some natural way to keep blood sugar level normal.

Dietary plan and Meal schedule

When you will search about diabetes causes, you will find that in in all types of diabetes, there is only one common point that is irregular dietary schedule and imbalance diet.
Irregular dietary schedule and imbalance diet sometime develop serious complications on human natural metabolic activity and negatively affects the functionality of insulin reception.
To avoid the complications and keep the body healthy we must adopt the strict meal schedule and dietary plan. According this plan and schedule, the patient must take small meal after 2-3 hours so body becomes to use to regular processing and absorption of nutrient

Regular Exercise
Keeping blood sugar level normal is very important thing in all types of diabetes. Exercise and physical activities play vital role in this connection. A normal person consumes 2.5 calories in normal and rest condition while 5 calories are consumed by exercise and physical activities in a minute.

To keep the blood sugar level normal some light exercise and physical activities are very necessary in gestational diabetes to avoid obesity and other complications. Through Exercise we not only can low the blood sugar level but also useful for general human health. During pregnancy mostly women gain some extra weight, but this weight can managed through health ways especially light exercise and fibrous diet. 30 minutes walk daily in the morning and evening is sufficient. It is advised that Jogging and hard exercise is not recommended in pregnancy.

High Fiber Diet
Nutrient specialist suggest in the all types of diabetes the diets having less carbohydrate and fats. The diabetic person should avoid diets those are rich in carbohydrate and fats. Nutrient specialist also advised to including fiber rich diets in daily meals. Diets rich in fiber are is necessary in diabetes and treatment and management. By adopting fibrous diet, the blood sugar level can be maintained normal.

Fiber is more beneficial to make insulin reception active and help to balance the insulin level. In the case of where person with gestational diabetes, he should keep the diets rich in fiber part of daily meals. Because fibrous diet is crucial to insulin reception. Rich in fiber, vegetables, flax seeds and legumes are available in the market. Best sources of fiber is whole grain that will improve your chance of avoid gestational diabetes and preventing diabetes complications.

There is great relation between diabetes and vitamins. Vitamins AB and C are antiexidental . In diabetes, the abnormality of glucose metabolism develops exudative stress. These vitamins help to control extensive stress. In diabetes, due to lake of insulin, the glucose does not circulate in the body properly. The body parts could not receive sufficient energy . Due to less energy, many deficiencies occur in the body like vitamins and other minerals. To fulfil these deficiencies fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals, duly must include in daily diet plan. In diabetes, many complications develop due to insufficient energy like heart diseases, eye vision, weak bones and muscles pain.

Whole Food Carbs
Many things that we eat in our meals contain carbohydrate, but all types of carb in the things are not equal, but Some things are rich in complex carbohydrates like white rice and potato. This type of carbohydrates break down to more value able form of sugar.
Some things do not contain much carb or very less carb like red rice, whole grain, beans, fruits, and oats could help prevent the complication or treat the condition.
The things overly processed in markets, packaged, or restaurant foods are fully predict, which makes controlling your blood sugar levels very different. Pack your own meals and be sure to include plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit, lentils, oats, quinoa, milk, okra, carrots, peas, and similar food items. It is advised to avoid bread, especially white bread, and other empty carbohydrates found in junk food,

Sugar free Diet
In the causes of all types of diabetes, there are some common things who are more related to causes of diabetes, being obese and use of extra unhealthy diets, junk foods and sugar products. Due to using extra sugar products the sugar level becomes high and in the obesity more insulin need. In both condition the pancreas has to do some extra work and remains under pressure.

The main way to protect from gestational diabetes is to reduce sugar from your diet entirely and keep sugar free diet in routine. There are some natural sweet alternatives and honey we can take in meals in low quantity to sweetening the taste to avoid the gestational diabetes. Simple fruits are best option instead of fruit juices.

Gestational Diabetes, Causes, Symptoms Treatment, its details are given above to understand the subject.

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